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WHAT IS AN INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT PROGRAM?

integrated pest management pie chart with icons of planning paper and pen, clipboard for evaluation and gear wheels for implementation
A comprehensive integrated pest management (IPM) program consists of three phases: planning, implementation, and evaluation. These steps will help you better understand your fly and insect control problems, execute a well-rounded approach to control flies and insects on your operation, and monitor your program’s effectiveness. Central Life Sciences has a range of fly and insect control products for the farm, helping deliver control for every level.

Planning

To maximize your fly control efforts, it is essential to first determine what action is needed. During the planning phase, set out Starbar® traps inside and around your barns and other facilities to measure the amount of fly activity. This will help to understand the extent of the fly problem and know which target areas to address. It will also help to determine the best mix of tactics for maximum fly control for your farm. After checking the results, you can then plan a threshold where fly populations dictate action must be taken.

Recommended Products:
QuikStrike® Fly Abatement Strip
Fly Stik™ Sticky Fly Traps
Fly Terminator® Pro Fly Trap
Bite Free™ Stable Fly Trap
Trap ’N Toss™ Disposable Fly Trap
FlyRelief™ Disposable Fly Traps

Implementation

After figuring out where flies are a problem on your farm, it’s time to implement fly control tactics to reduce fly infestations on your property. To deliver the best results, use an all-encompassing approach to fly control that utilizes cultural, physical, biological, and chemical control efforts.

Cultural: Sanitation is a key component to fly control. It’s important to manage manure in a timely and consistent manner, make sure weeds and grassy areas don’t become overgrown, rotate calf hutches, and clean spilled milk from calf bedding. While these daily sanitation practices may seem small, they help reduce the breeding ground for flies.

Physical: Maintenance of farm structures including barns, horse stables, pig pens, chicken coops, dairy barns, and other agricultural facilities helps make the areas less hospitable to pests. Install fans to improve air flow. Remove fly entry points by caulking and filling holes, and patching or sealing cracks or crevices.

Biological: Naturally occurring fly enemies can help reduce fly populations. Predatory beetles feed on fly larvae found on dung. Parasitic wasps lay eggs on fly pupae, interrupting the life cycle.

Chemical: There are two parts to chemical control: biorational and conventional. The biorational portion includes using feed-through fly control, such as ClariFly® Larvicide. This is a larvicide that is mixed in with feed for cattle, horses, and pigs. Once ingested, it passes through the livestock and into the animal’s manure, where flies lay eggs. Here, the active ingredient interferes with the life cycle, preventing the adult flies from emerging from the manure by stopping them in the larval stage. ClariFly® Larvicide works to help prevent the emergence of house flies, stable flies, face flies, and horn flies. Altosid® IGR works the same way, but is specifically formulated to protect cattle on pasture from horn flies.

Recommended Products:
ClariFly® Larvicide
ClariFly® Add-Pack Fly Control for Calves
Altosid® IGR

The conventional portion of chemical control includes baits, traps, and sprays, as well as on-animal treatments to help control adult flies already in the environment. Baits work as fly control for the low level, featuring attractants that bring in flies, and offering a quick kill. Many traps from Starbar are odor-free, and there are traps for every level of the barn, making them ideal for enclosed spaces to measure fly populations. Sprays contain adulticides for flies and work as surface and area treatments in, on, and around the operation.

Recommended Products:
Golden Malrin® Fly Bait
Fly Terminator® Pro Fly Trap
Pre-Strike® Outdoor Fogger
Prolate/Lintox-HD™ Insecticidal Spray & Backrubber for Livestock

Evaluation

After implementing your fly control products, track the results to your fly population by using speck cards and traps from Starbar. Document the progress, making changes as necessary. It is important to rotate active ingredients to prevent resistance. Over time, flies build up immunity to individual active ingredients in baits. By rotating the three Starbar® baits – which all feature different active ingredients – you can help prevent resistance.

Recommended Products:
Captivator® Fly Trap
Lure-Fly™ Fly Catchers
Trap ’N Toss™ Disposable Fly Trap
FlyRelief™ Disposable Fly Traps
Fly Stik™ Sticky Fly Traps